install owncloud in freenas jail


we will set up owncloud with mariadb and nginx in a freebsd 9 jail base jail setup described here


install mariadb via portmaster

 > portmaster databases/mariadb55-server

edit the rc.conf to enable autostart mariadb while booting

 > vi /etc/rc.conf

add mysql_enable="YES" and saveexit. to start it manually type

> service mysql-server start

initializing the db data dirs with

> cd /usr/local/   # mysql_install_db assumes its running from here
> mysql_install_db --user=mysql

setup root user

> mysqladmin -u root password

create the owncloud database and user for later usage:

> create database owncloud;
> create user owncloud identified by 'secret';
> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON owncloud.* TO 'owncloud'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'secret';


install via portmaster

> portmaster www/nginx

in the config dialog check webdav support (and maybe more?). now manually start it via

> service nginx start

now you should be able to see the default nginx page when surfing the systems ip. next thing to do is move the original config and create a new one:

> cd /usr/local/etc/nginx
> mv nginx.conf nginx.conf.orig

insert the following code to the new config:

user www www;
worker_processes 1;
worker_priority 15;

pid /var/run/;
error_log /var/log/nginx-error.log info;

events {
    worker_connections 512;
    accept_mutex on;
    use kqueue;

http {
    include         conf.d/options;
    include         mime.types;
    default_type    application/octet-stream;
    access_log      /var/log/nginx-access.log main buffer=32k;

    include sites/*.site;

next we have to create the options file /usr/local/etc/nginx/conf.d/options and paste:

client_body_timeout 5s;
client_header_timeout 5s;
keepalive_timeout 75s;
send_timeout 15s;
charset utf-8;
gzip off;
gzip_static on;
gzip_proxied any;
ignore_invalid_headers on;
keepalive_requests 50;
keepalive_disable none;
max_ranges 1;
msie_padding off;
open_file_cache max=1000 inactive=2h;
open_file_cache_errors on;
open_file_cache_min_uses 1;
open_file_cache_valid 1h;
output_buffers 1 512;
postpone_output 1440;
read_ahead 512K;
recursive_error_pages on;
reset_timedout_connection on;
sendfile on;
server_tokens off;
server_name_in_redirect off;
source_charset utf-8;
tcp_nodelay on;
tcp_nopush off;
gzip_disable "MSIE [1-6]\.(?!.*SV1)";
limit_req_zone $binary_remote_addr zone=gulag:1m rate=60r/m;
log_format main '$remote_addr $host $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" $status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" "$http_user_agent" $ssl_cipher $request_time';

finally create the sites dir

> mkdir /usr/local/etc/nginx/sites


install it as always with portmaster

> portmaster lang/php55

after that lets check the config. but first copy the template:

> cp /usr/local/etc/php.ini-production /usr/local/etc/php.ini

to be save uncomment the session.save_path in the config. now install some extensions with:

> portmaster lang/php55-extensions databases/php55-pdo_mysql 

you can find ownclouds requirements and recommendations here. now edit the php-fpm conf at /usr/local/etc/php-fpm.conf and be set the listen params as follows :

listen =/var/run/php-fpm.sock
listen.owner = www = www
listen.mode = 0660

savexit and make php-fpm autostart by adding php_fpm_enable="YES" to the /etc/rc.conf and start it manually with

> service php-fpm start


create the nginx config for owncloud. check this for more info. note that this installation will not cover ssl as i only use this in my local network.

 upstream php-handler {
         server unix:/var/run/php-fpm.sock;

 server {
         listen 80;
         server_name localhost;

         # Path to the root of your installation
         root /var/www/owncloud;

         client_max_body_size 10G; # set max upload size
         fastcgi_buffers 64 4K;

         rewrite ^/caldav(.*)$ /remote.php/caldav$1 redirect;
         rewrite ^/carddav(.*)$ /remote.php/carddav$1 redirect;
         rewrite ^/webdav(.*)$ /remote.php/webdav$1 redirect;

         index index.php;
         error_page 403 /core/templates/403.php;
         error_page 404 /core/templates/404.php;

         location = /robots.txt {
             allow all;
             log_not_found off;
             access_log off;

         location ~ ^/(data|config|\.ht|db_structure\.xml|README) {
                 deny all;

         location / {
                 # The following 2 rules are only needed with webfinger
                 rewrite ^/.well-known/host-meta /public.php?service=host-meta last;
                 rewrite ^/.well-known/host-meta.json /public.php?service=host-meta-json last;

                 rewrite ^/.well-known/carddav /remote.php/carddav/ redirect;
                 rewrite ^/.well-known/caldav /remote.php/caldav/ redirect;

                 rewrite ^(/core/doc/[^\/]+/)$ $1/index.html;

                 try_files $uri $uri/ index.php;

         location ~ ^(.+?\.php)(/.*)?$ {
                 try_files $1 =404;

                 include fastcgi_params;
                 fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$1;
                 fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $2;
                 fastcgi_pass php-handler;
         # Optional: set long EXPIRES header on static assets
         location ~* ^.+\.(jpg|jpeg|gif|bmp|ico|png|css|js|swf)$ {
                 expires 30d;
                 # Optional: Don't log access to assets
                 access_log off;


download owncloud source with wget. right now i want latest rc from 7:

> wget

you can find the available files at after that unpack the file like this an rename the folder to represent the version.

> tar xvjf owncloud-7.0.0RC2.tar.bz2

check your browser again. there should be the owncloud install page. while setting it up open the advanced storage config and enter the owncloud user data configured earlier.

Tags: freenas, freebsd, jails, owncloud, nginx, mariadb